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Four "often" reported symptoms were urinary frequency (52.2 ), tiredness (45.5 ), poor sleep (27.5 ) and back pain (19.5 ). Among the women surveyed, 16.2 claimed to sometimes or often be incontinent. Referrals to the incontinence nurse increased > 8 fold during the study period. Conclusions: The PSI provides a comprehensive inventory of pregnancy related symptoms, with a mechanism for assessing
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Foxcroft et al. BMC PregnancyT at www.biomedcentral.com/submitFoxcroft et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013, 13:3 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2393/13/RESEARCH ARTICLEOpen AccessDevelopment and validation of a pregnancy symptoms inventoryKatie F Foxcroft1, Leonie K Callaway2, Nuala M Byrne3* and Joan WebsterAbstractBackground: Physical symptoms are common in pregnancy and are
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E not available for all women. Furthermore the numbers of women in early menopause were few. These complications of data led us to the crude analysis used in the study. However, our analysis was good enough to show the variability between women, and suggest the need for larger follow-up studies to describe the natural course of menopausal symptoms. To estimate the duration of symptoms among unsele
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R correlation from primary care research to inform study design and analysis. J Clin Epidemiol 2004, 57 (8):785?94. 52. Schulz KF, et al: CONSORT 2010 Statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials. BMC Med 2010, 63(8):834?40.doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-155 Cite this article as: Kempler et al.: Sleep education during pregnancy for new mothers. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirt
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N expectedly cannot speak freely. To our knowledge, this study is the first survey in Erbil city to assess the past year IPV. Prevalence of past year IPV in this study (45.3 ) is similar to those reported in Baghdad (44 ) [14], and in Omdurman, Sudan (41.6 ) [26]. However, it is lower than that reported in Madina, Saudi Arabia (58.7 ) [12] and higher than that reported in China 26 [20] and Esfaha
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Of the patients [7,13,14,20]. Similar type of component delays of cancer diagnosis have been applied in previous studies [13,14,22]. Variation can be found in the point of dichotomization of each type of delay into long and short delay but it is very contextual [9,13,23-25]. Hansen has categorized delays as short or long based on quartiles and described delays in terms of median and inter-quartile
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And. 2UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research and National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 3033501, Tampere, Finland. 3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu 42, 11619, Tallinn, Estonia. Received: 15 February 2012 Accepted: 17 December 2012 Published: 21 December 2012 References 1. Hemminki E, Topo P, Kangas I: Experience
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At the studied menopausal symptoms were four times more common among those who initially expressed an interest than among those who were not interested at the time of asking [25]. Thus, at a population level, the prevalence of symptoms is much lower, but we know nothing of whether the disturbance and variability among those who have symptoms is the same as in our trial. For comparison, we studied